Thousands of Kiwis who arrived in Australia after it tightened its immigration rules in 2001 will now be given an easier path to seek Australian citizenship under certain conditions.

If they earned $53,00 over five consecutive years ($57,000 NZ) between 2001 and today, they will eventually be able to apply for permanent residence and eventually apply for citizenship.

It is estimated that the policy will allow up to 70,000 of the 300,000 New Zealanders who have arrived since 2001 to become Australians with full rights of citizenship.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull made the announcement in Sydney today after talks with New Zealand Prime Minister John Key.

Treatment of Kiwis who arrived in Australia after 2001 has been a growing point of contention in an otherwise very close relationship between the two countries.

The changes in 2001 withdrew several types of benefit (unemployment, youth and sickness) for New Zealanders - who enter Australia on a Special Category Visa.

But the most significant change was to make it much harder to get citizenship.

It required Kiwis to compete with other immigrants for permanent residence - which is capped - instead of being able to skip that and apply directly for citizenship.

Some research has estimated that fewer than 10 per cent of New Zealand arrivals between 2006 and 2012 were granted permanent residency.

Turnbull agrees to relax Australian residency, citizenship rules

Friday 17th February 2017

Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull has agreed to further relax the rules for New Zealanders in Australia to get residency and citizenship.

The 'Pathway to Citizenship' announced by Turnbull last year is due to come into effect this year, but only applies to those who arrived in Australia between 2001 and 2016 and who earned more than about $57,000 for five consecutive years.

After a meeting in Queenstown today, Turnbull and English announced the rules had been made more flexible to allow for those who had breaks in employment because of injury or to be a carer.

Turnbull had refused to budge on the 2014 law which had seen New Zealand-born people who had served more than 12 months in prison deported back to New Zealand.

A Commonwealth Ombusdman report last month was critical of the process used, including the length of time New Zealanders were being held in detention centres such as Christmas Island while their appeals were decided.

Turnbull repeated his promise to conduct the process "sensitively" - he has previously promised to try to expedite the appeal process and take into account the community links a deportee had.

Some of those deported had lived in Australia since they were young children.



Please keep checking the website for any further updates.

An additional pathway to permanent residence for ‘non-protected’ Special Category Visa (SCV) holders

Options for permanent residence for 'non-protected' SCV holders

An additional pathway to permanent residence for ‘non-protected’ Special Category Visa (SCV) holders

ptions for permanent residee for 'non-protected' SCV holders

In acknowledgment of our special bilateral relationship, the Australian Government will provide an additional pathway to permanent residence, and therefore citizenship, for New Zealand Special Category visa (SCV) holders who arrived after 26 February 2001, who have lived in Australia for the last five years and shown a commitment and contribution to Australia.

This additional visa pathway will be available from 1 July 2017, for New Zealand citizens who arrived post 26 February 2001, but on or before, the date of the announcement, 19 February 2016.

How this pathway will work

The Department of Immigration and Border Protection will have responsibility for implementing the pathway.

The pathway will be made available within the Skilled Independent category of the General Skilled Migration (GSM) stream of Australia's annual Migration Programme.

This pathway will allow SCV holders who have been living in Australia for the past five years, and have earned income at or above the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT) as evidenced by their Australian Taxation Office Notice of Assessment throughout their qualifying residence period, to apply for permanent residency and thereafter citizenship.

The pathway requirements

Requirements for this visa pathway will include mandatory residence, contribution and community protection criteria.  This includes:

  • have been resident in Australia for the five years immediately prior to visa application
  • contributed to Australia, demonstrated through income tax returns (Notice of Assessment) for the period of residence evidencing taxable income at or above the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT) 
  • mandatory health, character, and security checks.

Eligible applicants not in Australia the day of the announcement

If an applicant meets all relevant criteria and can demonstrate they were resident on the date of announcement, they will be eligible.

Estimated number of eligible applicants

Approximately 60,000 – 70,000 of the 140,000 post 2001 SCV holders who have been in Australia for at least five years are expected to be eligible.

Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT) and eligibility

The Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT) is a salary threshold used by the 457 programme as an indicator that an occupation is skilled and to ensure that a visa holder has reasonable means of support whilst in Australia.  It is curntly set at AUD53,900.

Setting the eligibility threshold at the TSMIT ensures we are providing a pathway to prospective citizens who can make a strong contribution to Australia's future.

This is consistent with the economic objectives of Australia's Migration Programme, as it takes into account a level of contribution based on income tax returns. 

Enabling Special Category visa holders to supply evidence from tax returns provides a concession to requirements relative to citizens of other countries, as it does not duplicate existing government requirements and is not onerous, but provides clear evidence of contribution.

This represents a clear concession over existing migration pathways.  It reflects the ease of mobility under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement (TTTA), while retaining a focus on skilled migration through a demonstrated contribution to Australia's income tax system.

Exemptions to the income test

Limited exemptions to the income test requirement will be considered for particularly vulnerable New Zealand citizens.  The mandatory residence criterion, including all other relevant criteria, will still need to be met before a visa could be granted.

Details of how applications for exemptions to the income test will be assessed will be determined between the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection and the Minister for Social Services.

Who will be considered a vulnerable individual

This level of detail will be determined between the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection and the Minister for Social Services. The mandatory residence criterion would still apply in these circumstances.

  • As an example, possible vulnerable individuals may include the primary carer of children who, for reasons of a court order are unable to return to New Zealand with their children, and who as an SCV holder is unable to access working age payments.

Will an applicant who has been on maternity/paternity leave during the qualifying period be ineligible if their income fell below the required threshold during that period?

If the applicant continued to be employed during that period, DIBP may take that into account and have the capacity to consider other proof of income, for example, a statement from the applicant's employer covering the period in question.

This level of detail will be worked through by DIBP during implementation of the measure, noting that there is no intention to disadvantage applicants with a consistent record of income and employment but who have taken periods of parental leave.

Visa application charge (VAC)

There will be concessions to the visa application charge (VAC) solely for New Zealand citizens to better reflect the freedom of movement and right of abode they enjoy under the TTTA by:

  • The visa application charge will be consistent with the General Skilled Migration Programme: AUD3,600 per primary applicant with an additional AUD1,800 for partners, AUD1,800 per dependent child over 18 and AUD900 per child under 18.
  • Applicants will only have to pay 20 percent of the VAC when they lodge their application, with the remainder to be paid before the visa is granted.

Steps to become an Australian citizen

  • New Zealanders taking advantage of this pathway will usually be able to apply for citizenship after one year of permanent residence, provided they meet the allowae overseas absences requirement.
  • Note: This requirement means, a person must not have been absent from Australia for more than one year in total in the four year period, including no more than 90 days in the year before applying
  • The usual citizenship eligibility requirements will apply such as:
    • e of good character if 18 years of age or over
    • be likely to reside, or continue to reside, or maintain a close and continuing relationship to Australia
    • meet the identity requirement
    • pass the citizenship test if aged between 18 and 59 years or pass a citizenship interview.
  • Note: All applicants must submit a valid application and pay the relevant fee. 

What if someone arrived in Australia the day before, or on the day of the announcement, will they be eligible to apply in five years' time?

Yes. They could apply, but the grant of a visa will depend on whether they meet all relevant criteria.

Will the visa application charge (VAC) be reduced for the Coributory Parent visa?